Holy women, holy men? Whatever.

My move and transition continue to use most of my time, so I continue to neglect 7WD. Sorry about that. Anyway, this post is an effort to address my writing assignment. I have mentioned — several times — my aversion to Holy Women, Holy Men. For those of you who don’t pay attention to such things, it’s a revised list of saintly commemorations for the Episcopal Church. If you didn’t know that, you’ll probably want to move right along.

Holy Women, Holy MenTo recap, General Convention 2006 took action asking for some revisions to our sanctoral kalendar. The Standing Commission on Liturgy and Music did its thing over the triennium, arriving at GC 2009 with a number of things, including HWHM. This expanded our list of commemorations from a lot to a bazillion. (Hey, I could put numbers in here, but I’m trying to catch up on my backlog, hence the unsubstantiated rant.)

There are a number of problems, in my view, with HWHM. For the record, I voted against it at General Convention. And yet, because it is a trial liturgy of the church, I support its use at Forward Movement (check our Forward Day by Day Facebook page to see how we link to its kalendar daily). The problems fall into two categories: content and process. Let’s start with content.

The SCLM brought GC 2009 a set of criteria for inclusion in our kalendar. It’s a pretty good (though not perfect) articulation of how one might choose who to include in our list of commemorations. The problem is that the SCLM ignored their own criteria in choosing people for HWHM. For example, there is a waiting period after someone has died before they should be included in our kalendar. Several people are included in this kalendar despite relatively recent deaths. Of course, we know that history usually takes a while to come into focus. Without a waiting period of a couple of generations, we risk including people whom we later regret including.

There are people who renounced their Christian faith as well as at least one Jew on the list. Now, it goes without saying that every person is holy by virtue of having been created in God’s image. There are lots of “good” people in the world and in history, and many of these good people are or were not Christians. But to say that someone is noteworthy, or good, or even holy, is not to say that they should be in our kalendar. This should be reserved to those in whose lives Christ’s light shines forth. This understanding of the saints is as old as the church. Please note that I am not denigrating non-Christians. Gandhi is an amazing witness of powerful love, and we might give thanks for his witness. But he would not be appropriately commemorated in our kalendar.

And we come to the next point. There are a number of Christians (or at least nominal Christians) on the list who did some pretty great things, but whose grace-filled revelation of Christ’s light is unclear. For example: Henry Purcell and ┬áJohn LaFarge did some amazing things with music and art. But does that mean they should be commemorated in our kalendar? Hardly. We would need examples of Purcell or LaFarge and an understanding by them — or their contemporaries — that their art was a revelation and not merely a human talent. Just because you can design a great building or write a nifty anthem does not mean you are a saint.

There are people on the kalendar (John XIII is one example) who are not Anglican and whose own traditions do not commemorate them as saints. There are others (John Calvin would be one) many of whose contemporary Anglicans would have understood to be heretics.

Others are puzzlingly missing. Where is King Charles I? He is the one person who has been declared a saint (in effect) by the Church of England — and many other provinces of the Communion. There is a devotional society in his honor active in this country. But he doesn’t make the cut. Or where is Bishop Frank Weston? He’s another person with a worldwide following, and who continues to impact preaching and practice in many parishes. He’s not there.

When you get done looking at the list, it begins to look like a caricature of a kalendar. It can have the appearance of a list of GOOD people — judging “good” by today’s standards — who have been carefully balanced for political correctness. In the effort to please a whole committee, the list of people is gigantic. There are very few feria days left. You can almost hear the discussion. We need more women! People of color! Deacons! Indigenous people! Lay people!

Beyond the content, I am concerned about the process. In Anaheim, a number of objections were raised. “John Muir? Cool guy, but does he belong on our kalendar?” “Why so many people?” We were told something like this by the SCLM:

General Convention asked us to do this work! Please don’t complain about what you told us to do. We were merely following your orders. People have worked very, very hard on all this. Please don’t upset the apple cart by challenging their work at this late date. We will have a three-year period to “live with” this kalendar. Then we can revise it based on your feedback. But you really need to pass this just as we’ve given it to you. It’s too complicated — and too much work has gone into it — for you to do any revision.

Of course, the resolution enabling this work was written by…the SCLM. So while it is true that General Convention asked for the work, the parameters were set by the SCLM. Deputies and bishops should be able to propose revisions on any part of any legislation that comes before General Convention. My worry is that in Indianapolis in 2012, we’ll hear, “See, you have been using this for three years. Please don’t ask for revisions, because it has already been in use.”

By the way, the SCLM has a blog where you used to be able to leave comments about HWHM. In a recent entry, they write, “While the official period of trial use has concluded, you may continue to use the resource.” Of course, the period of trial use continues right up through General Convention 2012. What they really mean to say is, “We have completed the year in which we would receive your comments.” I hope you will contact the SCLM (names here) or your deputation (names here) or bishop with your thoughts about HWHM. In our church, it is always OK to communicate with our elected and appointed leaders.

Personally, I’d like to send the whole thing back to the drawing board. Let’s use the criteria proposed by SCLM to make some minor tweaks to Lesser Feasts and Fasts. Let’s take great care in who gets added to our kalendar so that we are making long-term decisions, not blowing to and fro with every wind of doctrine or political correctness.

I happen to run a publishing company. If someone wants to present a manuscript for 365 “holy people” of the day, I think we’d be pretty interested in publishing that for personal and corporate use. But that’s a whole different kettle of fish than a wholesale modification of the church’s official kalendar. I’m sure there are others who would publish this resources and many who would find it useful.

Some of the work in HWHM is quite good, and we should make good use of it. But in many places it feels rushed through, perhaps not receiving the attention it should have received due to the sheer scope of the project. I am grateful for the work of liturgical scholars and liturgists on the SCLM, but I respectfully hope HWHM will be shelved for a while until its ready for prime time.

12 Comments so far

  1. David Sibley on July 31st, 2011

    This is a great summary of some of the problems with HWHM – thanks for posting it. I plan to share it with several friends…

    One other issue with HWHM – many of the collects are simply not in collect form, but are more of a “mini-hagiographies.”

    The classical “you-who-do-through” form of the collect is lost in attempting to convey as much as possible about the person being commemorated – while in the midst of prayer! For an example, compare the collect for Nicholas Ludwig von Zinzendorf / May 10 – a new HWHM collect – to the collect for John Keeble / March 29 – which was carried from LFF 2006. The difference in the qualities of the collects is astounding. To me, one sounds like a Collect, and the other doesn’t!

    At General Seminary last year, we endured having to chant some of the new collects in our Tuesday and Friday liturgies – and they were quite simply un-chantable. (I submit May 17, William Hobart Hare, for consideration in this regard…)

    It would be worth it for SCLM to get back to basics on what the purpose of a collect is – surely they know better – and revise them so that they’re actually useable in the context of worship! Because at the moment, many aren’t….

    (Also, thanks to Forward Movement for following my wee little Brooklyn church, Saint John’s in Fort Hamilton. It’s nice to be “liked” on Facebook…)

  2. Scott Gunn on July 31st, 2011

    David, thanks for your comment. Yes, I could have written a whole rant about the collects. Dan Martins has blogged about the departure from the “through Jesus Christ our Lord” conclusion, though there have always been exceptions to that norm. I think maybe if folks are working on 3 collects rather than 120, the quality would be improved. (Which is understandable!)

    Again, thanks for the comment!

  3. Malcolm French on August 1st, 2011

    In Canada, my late theology tutor produced “For All the Saints,” which gets around the hagiography problem by providing a page for hagiography.

    Every commemoration gets two pages – a one page hagiography and one page with the collect and propers. An appendix includes additional readings for many of the commemorations.

  4. Joseph Farnes on August 1st, 2011

    I’ve been using HWHM for morning prayer for the better part of a year, and I’ve run into some of those collects that have no rhythm and are just a jumble of ‘theology’ words. I also do resent the replacing of the title “Lord” for Jesus with other terms, and there is one collect that talks about God as ‘Great Spirit.’ Way to steal and appropriate Native American religiosity for our own ‘diverse’ purposes.

  5. Luke Fodor on August 1st, 2011

    Amen, Amen! Very well spoken, Deputy Gunn from Rhode Island.

  6. Ron Fox, BSG on August 3rd, 2011

    Excellent summary of a lot of what’s wrong with HWHM, known to many of my friends as “Holy Folk.” I would have much preferred “Saint” additions to LFF, and forget the “good” people additions. Thanks much.

  7. Ted Gerbracht on August 3rd, 2011

    Thanks for all of your comments, with which I concur. I add another problem, which I encountered in my teaching of the history of Christianity to both lay students and aspirants for the vocational diaconate in the Diocese of Long Island. I had originally asked my students to acquire a copy of LFF 2006 for themselves, and I attempted to link sections of that work to the topics we were covering in class. When HWHM was announced I told them to acquire that instead, only to discover that I was now directing them to work with something that turned out to be confusing, misleading, and overwhelming. I have a copy, but it currently sits undisturbed on my end table.

  8. Robert Deming on August 3rd, 2011

    This publication is a sentimental silly “Hodge Podge” which neglects Anglican sensibilities, clarity of purpose, and lacks the substance and polish of a useful worship aid befitting our Tradition. Glaring omissions and holy persons of other Traditions that make very little sense in the Anglican perspective. Poor collect form and other regrettable errors just to sad to enumerate in this limited space! An unfortunate offering at best. It reminds me of the Medieval Manuals that the Reformers happily laid aside!

  9. Belle M. Mears on August 4th, 2011

    Dear Reverend Gunn,

    You have sparked my interest in this important archive and daily link for the readers of Forward to consider.

    You are so right to be concerned about rushing an important revision such as the HWHM. I share your view that the church has a responsibility to present people who mirror Christ intentionally rather than some we would like to personify as having done so in certain PC sectors of social consideration. This is a holy subject. The fact that someone is a “good guy/gal” is NOT enough to warrant sainthood with all that implies. What is the need for rushing?

    Looks like Church hierarchy is no different than government style hierarchy. The human tendency to give a stamp of approval to something that has been rushed through in the effort to put forth SOMEHING, is a bad practice but familiar one.

    I like your thoughts on just tabling things for further editing. But then, that is kind of what you do best I think – EDIT.

    Thanks for bringing this important issue to the attention of someone like myself who is all too uninformed about Anglican affairs as a whole much less in this smaller but no less important
    representative missive of our Episcopal Church faith in print.

    Good thinking – which is what you are assigned to do in this instance.

    I enjoy following your blog. I think you are right not to worry about it too much compared to accomplishing your new work, and thanks for keeping it up anyhow.

    There is a blog I rather enjoy reading by Brother Clark Berge, and I see he too has to prioritize the life work of Christ with the fun of blogging.

    Sincerely,
    Belle M. Mears

  10. Henry Dolecki on August 8th, 2011

    Dear Reverend Gunn,
    I Agree with Robert Deming that HWHM is a hodge podge of no particular merit. I also agree with Ron Fox, BSG in that it would make a great deal more sense to expand LFF2006 to include new saints, in the Anglican Tradition, whose lives and actions shining with Jesus’ love and the glory of God are worthy of commemoration.

    A lay person from
    St. Mark’s Kapahulu in the dioceses of Hawaii

  11. Matt Gunter on August 8th, 2011

    Scott,

    Great summary of the problems with HWHM.

    I’m one of those who spoke against it at GC 09. That the committee did not even follow the criteria they themselves proposed and we approved in 06 is baffling to me. Was it sloppiness? Subterfuge?

    A hodgepodge of swell people who did neat things hardly inspires or challenges me to deny myself, take up the cross, and follow Jesus.

    I said in 09 that HWHM was not ready for prime time. Nothing in my subsequent experience with it has changed my mind.

    Thnaks for this.

    Matt

  12. carl m on August 14th, 2011

    “Where is King Charles I?” Canonized or no, Charles I committed some fairly egregious atrocities against his people – there’s a reason he was tried, convicted and executed in what served as essentially the first war crimes trial in history. Not sure why you’d be arguing for his inclusion.